ADVOCACY OF THE VOLHYNIAN GUBERNIA: FROM PROCURATORS TO JURORS

Keywords: procurators, lawyer, jurors, the Lithuanian statutes, the Court statutes of 1864, the Volhynian gubernia

Abstract

The article describes the main characteristics of the court layers during the main historical time: from the end of the XVII century till early XX century. The author uses the historical – comparative and problematicchronological methods. The article`s aim is to investigate the transformation processes of the legal and the professional layers status in Volhynian gubernia during the determined periods. The paper defi nes the main stages of the functioning of the advocacy of the Volhynian lands, observes the evolution of the basic requirements and rules for court layers in accordance with the feudal LithuanianPolish and Russian imperial legislation towards the democratization of the lawyer profession, which was started up by the bourgeois Court Statutes (1864). In the second part of the XIX century – at the beginning of the XX century the criteria of mandatory presence of real property and belonging to the nobility disappeared. The requirements for compulsory higher education, practical experience were placed on fi rst place. At the same time, professionalism, discipline, corporate ethics and willingness to provide free legal assistance to the indigents remained valid factors, although the professional abusive practice and even criminal acts took place. The author analyzes and compares the legal and the professional status of the district courts procurators of the Volhynian gubernia in the beginning of the XIX century and sworn jurors of the Zhytomyr Regional Court in the second half of the XIX and early XX century.

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Author Biography

Olena Zosimovych

Zosimovych Olena Yu. – Senior Lecturer of Special Historical Courses and Science of Law Department Zhytomyr Ivan Franko State University

Published
2018-04-02
How to Cite
Zosimovych, O. (2018). ADVOCACY OF THE VOLHYNIAN GUBERNIA: FROM PROCURATORS TO JURORS. Pereiaslav Chronicle, (13), 5-12. Retrieved from https://pc-journal.org/index.php/journal/article/view/11
Section
CHAPTER І. PAGES OF UKRAINIAN HISTORY